Geography of Assam – Part 1

Assam is one of eight North-Eastern states of India. The state shares its boundary with Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh to the north; Nagaland and Manipur to the east; Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram and Bangladesh to the south; and West Bengal to the west. Assam comprises of two river valley i.e. Brahmaputra valley from east towards west and Barak valley in the southern most part and hills areas of Karbi Anglong and Dima Hasao district in the central part. Mighty Brahmaputra is the lifeline of Assam. Here we have presented some questions on the geography of Assam, which will be helpful for candidates preparing for different competitive examinations.


What is the total area of Assam?

(a) 80,645 km2

(b) 78,438 km2

(c) 75,234 km2

(d) 87,438 km2

 Ans: (b) 78,438 km2   

Area wise Assam is the 16th state of India. It covers an area of 78,438 km2   (30,285 sq mile) which is 2.4% of country’s total geographical area.

In which part of Assam the Dooars area is situated?

(a)    Northwest part

(b)    Northeast Part

(c)     Southwest Part

(d)    None of the above

Ans: (a) Northwest part

Dooars are the alluvial lowland situated in the eastern and northeaster India. It is in the south of outer foothill of Himalaya and north of Brahmaputra river basin. Dooars area in Assam lie in the district Kokrajhar, Chirang and part of Baksa. Dooars means ‘doors’ in Assamese language. This area is divided into two division called Eastern dooars and Western dooars. Eastern dooars also called Assam dooars and Western dooars is called Bengal dooars.  Dooars area have some similarities with the Terai region in northern India and southern Nepal.

In which National Park of Assam the Feral horse (Wild Horse) is found?

(a)    Nameri

(b)    Dibru Saikhowa

(c)     Manas

(d)    Orang

Ans: (b)  Dibru Saikhowa

The Dibru Saikhowa National Park is located in Dibrugarh and Tinsukia district of Assam. This is one of eighteen Biosphere Reserve in India. The park covers an area of 765 km2 (295 sq mi). The park is one of the few places in the world which is home to feral horses. They are descendants of 79 horses who ran off from stables set up by the British Army in and around Tinsukia during World War II.

What is the percentage of total area of Assam under forest?

(a) 22.21%

(b) 28.21%

(c) 25.39%

(d) 34.21%

Ans: (d) 34.21%

The total forest cover of Assam is 26,832 sq km. That is 34.21% of the geographical area of the state. Of these, Protected forests are 66.58% and Unclassed forests are 33.42% of the total forest area.

The Gai, A tributary to the Brahmaputra is situated in between-

(a)    The Dibang and the Simen

(b)    The Simen  and the Subansiri

(c)     The Subansiri and the Bharali

(d)    The Bharali and the Bornadi

Ans: (b) The Simen and the Subansiri

Gai is a tributary on the north bank of the Brahmaputra. The river, which originated in the Himalayas, flows through Dhemaji district of Assam.

 Which of the following national parks/wildlife sanctuaries of Assam is related with Tiger Project?

(a)    Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

(b)    Nameri National Park

(c)     Sonai-Rupai Wildlife Sanctuary

(d)    Dihing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary

Ans: (b) Nameri National Park

There are four Tiger Projects in Assam. Those are- Manas Tiger Project, Nameri Tiger Project, Kaziranga Tiger Project and Orang Tiger Project. Nameri National Park is located in the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas in the Sonitpur District of Assam, India. Nameri shares its northern boundary with the Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary of Arunachal Pradesh. It was declared as Tiger Reserve in the year 1999-2000, and is the second Tiger reserve of Assam after Manas Tiger Reserve.was declared as Tiger Reserve in the year 1999-2000, and is the second Tiger reserve of Assam after Manas Tiger Reserve.

Which of following drainage separates the Meghalaya Plateau from the Barail Range?

(a)    Kopili

(b)    Doyang

(c)     Lubha

(d)    Digaru

Ans: (a) Kopili

The Kopili is the largest south bank tributary of the Brahmaputra in Assam. It originates in the Meghalaya plateau and flows to the Brahmaputra through Dima Hasao, West Karbi Anglong, Hojai, Nagaon and Morigaon district of Assam. The length of the Kopili river is 290 Km. and it has a catchment area of 16,420 Km2.

Which is the highest peak in Assam?

 (a)    Thumjang

(b)    Hempeupet

(c)     Singhason

(d)    Dambusho

Ans: (a) Thumjang

The Thumjang is the highest peak located in the district of Dima Hasao of Assam.  The height of the peak is 1,866 meters from the sea level. It is in the Borail range.

Where is the Singhason Peak located?

(a)    Dima Hasao

(b)    Karbi Anglong

(c)     West Karbi Anglong

(d)    Kamrup

Ans: (b) Karbi Anglong

The Singhason is the highest peak in the district of Karbi Anglong in Assam. It is about is at about 1360 metres above the sea level.

The Tribe of Assam having largest size of population next to the Bodo’s is

(a)    Karbi

(b)    Mising

(c)     Dimasa

(d)    Rabha

Ans: (b) Mising

The Mising are an indigenous community inhebiting in part of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. They are also known as ‘Miris’ and still recognised as ‘Miri’ in the constitution of India. Misings are recognised as a schedule tribe by Government of India under the name ‘Miri’. They speaks Mising language.

How much percent of Indian landmass is covered by the by the state of Assam?

(a) 2.39%

(b) 3.39%

(c) 4.39%

(d) 5.39%

Ans: (a) 2.39%

Assam is the 16th largest state of India. The state covers 78,438 kmwhich is 2.39% of total Indian landmass. Assam is a shelter of 2.58% population (According to 2011 census) of India.


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