Geography of India – Part 1

What is the total area of India?

(a)    3,287, 263 Km2

(b)    3,143, 270 Km2

(c)     3,376, 247 Km2

(d)    3,343, 285 Km2

Ans: (a) 3,287, 263 Km2

The total area of India is 3,287, 263 Km(1,269,219 sq mi). By area India is the seventh largest country in the World.  The country (mainland) is situated north of the equator between 8°4′ north to 37°6′ north latitude and 68°7′ east to 97°25′ east longitude. India measures 3,214 km (1,997 mi) from north to south and 2,933 km (1,822 mi) from east to west. It has a land frontier of 15,200 km (9,445 mi) and a coastline of 7,516.6 km (4,671 mi).

Which is the biggest river in Indian peninsula?

(a)    Mahanadi

(b)    Godavari

(c)     Krishna

(d)    Kaveri

Ans: (b) Godavari

Godavari is the largest river in the India peninsula in terms of its length, catchment area and discharge. The river originates in the Western Ghats and flows toward Bay of Bengal. Godavari is second longest and third largest river in India. The Godavari is also called as ‘Dakshina Ganga’.

Which state of India is the largest producer of iron ore?

(a)    West Bengal

(b)    Bihar

(c)     Jharkhand

(d)    Odisha

Ans: (d) Odisha

Odisha is the largest producer of iron ore in India. The state accounts for more than 55% of the total production followed by Chhattisgarh producing almost 17%. This is followed by Karnataka and Jharkhand producing 14% and 11% respectively.

What is Dakshin Gangotri?

(a)    A lake

(b)    A glacier

(c)     A cannel from river Ganga

(d)    India’s weather and scientific monitoring  station in Antarctica

Ans: (d) India’s weather and scientific monitoring station in Antarctica

Dakshin Gangotri is the first scientific base station of India located in Antarctica. It was a part of the Indian Antarctic Programme. It is located at a distance of 2,500 kilometres from the South Pole. It is currently being used as a supply base and transit camp. It was established during the third Indian expedition to Antarctica in 1983–84. That was the first time an Indian team has spent the winter in Antarctica conducting scientific work. The station was constructed in eight weeks by a team of 81 which included geologist Sudipta Chengupta. Construction was completed in January 1984 with the help of the Indian Army.

Which of the following river flows between Vindhya and Satpura ranges?

(a)    Narmada

(b)    Godavari

(c)     Mahanadi

(d)    Kaveri

Ans: (a) Narmada

The Narmada river flows between the Vindhya and the Satpura ranges. Actually the river bordered by the Vindhya and Satpura ranges. Narmada is a river in India flows in a rift valley. It originates in the eastern part of Madhya Pradesh and flows across the Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat.  The Narmada is called ‘Lifeline of Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat’.

Which is a land locked state in India?

(a)    Kerala

(b)    Rajasthan

(c)     Jharkhand

(d)    Odisha

Ans: (c) Jharkhand

Jharkhand is a land locked state in India. Countries or states which do not have territory connected to an ocean is called land locked. In India Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Telangana are land locked states.

Which is the most urbanized state in India?

(a)    Maharashtra

(b)    Goa

(c)     Punjab

(d)    Tamil Nadu

Ans: (b) Goa

Goa is the most urbanized state in India. About 62.2 percent of total population of Goa lives in urban areas.

Where is the Tehri Dam located?

(a)    Himachal Pradesh

(b)    Uttarakhand

(c)     Sikkim

(d)    Arunachal Pradesh

Ans: (b) Uttarakhand

The Tehri Dam is located in Uttarakhand. Tehri Dam is the tallest dam in India. It is a multi-purpose rock and earth-fill embankment dam on the Bhagirathi river in New Tehri and Tehri Garhwal in Uttarakhand. Height of the dam is 855 feet.

Which state in India has the highest density of population?

(a)   West Bengal

(b)   Bihar

(c)   Uttar Pradesh

(d)   Maharashtra

Ans: (b) Bihar

According to the 2011 census of India, Bihar has the highest population density. The state has a population density of 1106 persons per sq km followed by West Bengal-1028 persons and Kerala 860 persons per sq km.

Which state of India has largest forest land?

(a)    Assam

(b)    Arunachal Pradesh

(c)     Madhya Pradesh

(d)    Uttarakhand

Ans: (c) Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh has largest forest cover in India followed by Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Maharashtra. In terms of forest cover as percentage of total geographical area, the top five States are Mizoram (84.53%), Arunachal Pradesh (79.33%), Meghalaya (76.00%), Manipur (74.34%) and Nagaland (73.90%).

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