Geography of Assam – Part 3

Assam is one of eight North-Eastern states of India. The state shares its boundary with Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh to the north; Nagaland and Manipur to the east; Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram and Bangladesh to the south; and West Bengal to the west. Assam comprises of two river valley i.e. Brahmaputra valley from east towards west and Barak valley in the southern most part and hills areas of Karbi Anglong and Dima Hasao district in the central part. Mighty Brahmaputra is the lifeline of Assam. Here we have presented some questions on the geography of Assam, which will be helpful for candidates preparing for different competitive examinations.

  • Panidihing Bird Sanctuary is located in which of the following districts of Assam?

(a) Jorhat

(b) Golaghat

(c) Sivasagar

(d) Dhemaji

Ans: (c) Sivasagar

Panidihing Bird Sanctuary is located in Sivasagar district of Assam. Established in 1996, the sanctuary covers a total area of 33.93 km2. There are 267 species of birds identified and recorded in the Panidihing Bird Sanctuary including 70 species of migratory birds.

  • Dima Hasao is known for which mineral?

(a) Graphite

(b) Rock Salt

(c) Limestone

(d) Mica

Ans: (c) Limestone

Dima Hasao is known for Limestone. Assam has rich limestone reserves and a large number of limestone reserves are in Dima Hasao. Others are in Karbi Anglong district of Assam. A total reserve of 97 million tonnes of limestone has been found in these two districts.

  • Which district In Assam, ‘red soil’ is a main feature?

(a) Bodoland area

(b) Dima Hasao

(c) Brahmaputra Valley

(d) Barak Valley

Ans: (c) Dima Hasao

In Dima Hasao the red soil is a main feature. The soil colour is produced by the minerals present and by the organic matter content. Yellow or red soil indicates the presence of oxidized ferric iron oxides.

  • Which one of the following Wildlife Sanctuaries of Assam is a habitat of golden langur?

(a) Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary

(b) Pobitara Wildlife Sanctuary

(c) Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary

(d) Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary

Ans: (a) Chaktashilla Wildlife Sanctuary

The Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Korajhar and a part of Dhubri distcrict in Assam. It is famous for golden langur and this species of monkey is found in a small region of Western Assam only. The monkey species was brought into attention by renowned environmentalist Edward Pritchard Gee in 1950. So, the monkey is also known as Gee’s golden langur internationally.

  • Which one of the following is a south bank tributary of the Brahmaputra?

(a) Aie

(b) Krishnai

(c) Buroi

(d) Borgong

Ans: (b) Krishnai

The Krishnai is a south bank tributary of the Brahmaputra river in Assam. The river originates in  the West Garo Hills of Meghalaya and flows northward into Assam. The Krishnai joins the Dudhanai river at Matia in Goalpara district and then flows as the Mornoi river before confluence with the Brahmaputra.

  • In which disctrict of Assam the Raimona National Park is located?

(a) Baksa

(b) Tamulpur

(c) Chirang

(d) Kokrajhar

Ans: (d) Kokrajhar

Raimona National Park is located in extreme western part of Assam. It is spread across Gossaigaon and Kokrajhar subdivisions of Kokrajhar district of Bodoland Territorial Region in Assam. The national park was created on 9th June 2021 through an Assam Gazette notification. The total area of the park is 422 km2.

  • Which place in Assam is known as the suicide site of migratory birds?

(a) Maibang

(b) Jatinga

(c) Umrangso

(d) Haflong

Ans: (b) Jatinga

Jatinga is small village located in Dima Hasao district of Assam. It is near to Haflong, the district head quarter of Dima Hasao.  The place is known for the mysterious suicide of birds during certain weeks at the end of monsson. Jatinga is commonly known as valley of death.

  • Which district of Assam is in the rain shadow area?

(a) Biswanath

(b) Morigaon

(c) Hailakandi

(d) Hojai

Ans: (d) Hojai

The present Hojai district (previously the southern part of Nagaon district in central Assam valley and adjoining parts of Karbi Anglong) is in rain-shadow area where annual rainfall is as low as 800-1200mm. A rain shadow is an area of significantly reduced rainfall behind a mountainous region, on the side facing away from prevailing winds, known as its leeward side.

  • In which district of Assam the Deuri is a major indigenous community?

(a) Nagaon

(b) Saraideo

(c) Lakhimpur

(d) Sonitpur

Ans: (c) Lakhimpur

The Deuri are one of the major indigenous communities of Assam. They are distributed in many districts of the state like Jorhat, Majuli, Sivasagar, Dibrugarh, Tinisukia, Lakhimpur, Biswanath etc.

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