National Education Policy 2020 in the country for at least three decades: what is in the National Education Policy 2020
The Union Cabinet approved the National Education Policy 2020. The National Education Policy, adopted in 1986, was amended in 1992.
For almost three decades after this, no amendment was made to this policy.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi had hinted that a radical change in the Indian National Education policy 2020 would take place in May this year.
As a result, the Union Cabinet approved the renaming of the Ministry of Human Resource Development and new education policy to change the education sector radically.
Let’s see what the new Education Policy-2020 approved by the Cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Modi is.
- After completing the class, the school boundary will be used in the adults’ education. According to the new education policy, after the completion of the school’s classes, the school rooms, books, etc. will be used in the adults’ education.
- More emphasis on vocational courses: Professional courses such as carpentry, metal work, horticulture, pottery, etc.
- Establishment of Pre-School Branch in Kendriya Vidyalaya: Establishment of Pre-School Branch for childcare and education for at least one year in every central school in the country. This system is available in all the primary schools in the country.
- Education of NCC in Higher and Higher Secondary Schools under the Central Department of Defense: State Governments under the Department of Defense will provide NCC education in Higher and Higher Secondary Schools.
- Financially backward students will be provided with free food and lodging facilities at Jawahar Navoday Vidyalaya.
- Digital and Online Education System: Emphasis on Digital and Online Education in Schools and Higher Education Institutions.
- National Scholarship Portal will ensure that all students from Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and other pitches have not received proper scholarships.
- Minimum Qualification for Teaching – 4 years Integrated B.Ed Degree: To teach by 2030, one of the teachers must have a B.Ed Degree in 4 years Integrated.
- The important point of the new education policy is that teaching in Indian language up to class five and then from class five to class eight will be considered as optional English subjects.
- Formation of Higher Education Commission: The Higher Education Commission of India will be constituted in the field of higher education other than medical and law teachers. The Commission will have four special branches.
- In the country’s education sector, the mother tongue, a modern Indian language, regional language, and Sanskrit language will be given importance.
- The highest priority will be given to the development of the creativity of the students.
- Emphasis will be placed on the application of traditional Indian knowledge at various levels of education.
- The Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation will be set up to promote modern Indian languages, regional languages , and Sanskrit. This institute will translate and explain the complex theories of higher social sciences and mathematics in the Indian language.
- Sanskrit will be a very important language in the field of trilingualism.
- Books, audio-visual materials will be made available in the Indian language, and efforts will be made to impart knowledge to the students easily.
- In education, importance will be given to Indian language, music, art, philosophy, etc.
- Steps will be taken to start 4 year ‘all inclusive inter disciplinary B.Ed course’.
- Learning tests will be divided into Objective and Descriptive. There will also be some changes to board exams.
- To increase knowledge, all the students will be able to take educational breaks for a few days.
- Under the new education policy, more than 45,000 colleges in the country will be empowered.
- The same entrance test will be conducted in all the colleges of the country for enrolment.
- According to the new education policy, the coding system will be implemented in all schools of the country from the sixth standard.
- The education sector will have a National Literacy Mission as well as a National Numeracy Mission. The Ministry of Human Resource Development will be known as the Ministry of Education.
- The most important aspect of the new education policy is that school education will be done in a 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 system. The first 5 years will include pre-primary, primary, first and second class. The next 3 years will include 3rd, 4th and 5th class. The next three years will be the sixth, seventh and eighth. In the last four years, there will be ninth, tenth, eleventh, and twelfth class. During the four years of higher secondary education, the branches of education shall not be divided into arts, commerce, or science. All the students can take the reading subject as per their choice.
- 6% of GDP will be spent on the development of the education sector. The current expenditure is 4.43 percent.
- With a 50 percent enrolment target by 2035, the undergraduate curriculum will be for a total of four years as per the existing education policy. There will be multiple exit arrangements in the syllabus, and the student will be able to complete the syllabus accordingly.
Curriculum levels will be reduced, and students will be allowed to think in new ways.
- Health cards will be provided for the physical and mental development of the students.
- Preparatory educational programme “Balvatika” will be introduced for students below 5 years.
- Campuses of leading universities in the country will be set up abroad.